How Islam managed to survive and its direct relationship to the Arabic language?
Unlike Mohd’s claim that he came to civilize the uncivilized barbarian pagan-worshipers of the Arabian peninsula, there are numerous irrefutable evidence that proves there were a civilization for ages before he existed, both in Hejaz and Yemen, such as their cities, and trade relations with great nations at that time and finally the perfected Arabic language. Culture, cities, markets, trade and language are all features of a civilisation. It is said that the people of Arabia descend from two ancestors, Qahtan and Adnan. The Qahtani Arabs inhabited southern Arabia mostly Yemen. They spoke languages that are collectively known now as ‘Old South Arabic’. While the Adnani Arabs inhabited the rest of the northern part of Arabia. They spoke languages that are collectively known now as ‘Old North Arabic’.
According to Islamic-Quranic legends, the Qahtani Arabs are the pure original Arabs, while the Adnani Arabs especially the tribes of Hejaz were Arabized, it is said that they originate from Ishmael, the son of the biblical Abraham. Later on due to trade relations and due to the immigration of the pure arabs they adopted the Arabic language and hence became arabized.
However, there is no enough historical evidence that proves this story which remains a legend or rather more accurately an ‘Islamic tradition’ and even genetic studies proves it is invalid. The genetic studies of the Qahtanies and the Adnanies prove that they do share a common historical root, originating from the same ancestors, contradicting the claim that they came from two different lines of ancestors. Moreover, there is no strong genetic proof that links the Adnanies to the northern Semitic people whom it’s claimed that Abraham came from. There are indeed a small percentage of similarities between hejaz and the arabized levants due to the immigration of some tribes up north, who mixed with the local people, however, that was not enough to change their gene pool. In fact the hejazies living in west of Arabia have far more similarities between Bedouins roaming in the mid and east of Arabia and also the people of Yemen (specifically ‘northern’ Yemenites) than any other people. The Yemenies can be ethnically divided into two groups being the Sabaean or Himyarite, and Ethiopic (or Geer) . Since the Southern group were mixed often with African tribes. The immigration of African tribes from Ethiopia is regarded as the first historical African-Asian mix.
Anyways, its clear that the people of the Arabian Peninsuala who share a racial bond has indeed branched into two sections, one group settled in north and the other in the south, this is evident in the differences between the two regions, namely their culture, lifestyle, the civilizations that came and died and most importantly the independent development of the Arabic language in each of those two regions.
a) Southern Arabs (Islamicaly known as the Qahtani Arabs):The Southern Arabs were far more fortunate with the richness of their land, water resources, climate and environmental conditions than the northern who occupied a mostly deserted land. This acted as a catalyst for the civilisation process. Industry and urban development began centuries earlier in the south than the north. Yemen’s prosperous towns, flourishing markets, far-reaching commerce and advanced agriculture and irrigation systems made it a popular trade point in that region. The Romans called Yemen Arabia Felix = “happy Arabia” because of its prosperity at that time.
b) Northern Arabs (Islamicaly known as the Adnani Arabs)
Due to the huge gap difference in the timing of urbanization process between the north and south of Arabia, it is said that at the beginning all people living in the northern Arabia were living a tribal Bedouin lifestyle and spoke Arabic at its earliest stages known as ‘Old North Arabic’ . Due to the harsh desert conditions, those people had to fight over resources for survival, this lead to a lot of bold rivalries and constant raids on each other. However, later on motivated by the success of the south, a group of those became urbanized and settled down near water resources building the Hejaz region along the western coast. While the others chose to preserve their lifestyle, with time those two groups grew culturally apart. So after the first division between the south and north, the northern were divided again, the settled Arabs were called the hathar, while those who roamed were called the bedo (bedouins).
The sedentary Arabs considered themselves to be superior compared to the Bedouin arabs not only because they were far more powerful and advanced, but because it is believed that the Quraysh tribe of Mecca (a city located in the Hejaz region) had taken over from all other dialects what was best in them, hence it was known that the language of the Hijaz, was far more prestigious and superior to all other varieties. All these caused a lot of tensions between those two groups (hathar & bedo).
It was known that Qurrasih tribe out of all tribes were proud to be the most perfected Arabs, meaning those who speak the best form of Arabic with the most coherent grammar and speech, they also had a far more larger word bank than the Bedouin tribes, many poets rose in the Hijaz, who showed off and bragged about their fluency. However the Bedouin Arabs continued to preserve the original ‘Old North Arabic’ speech as it is. The members of those two groups were solely distinguished by the level of their Arabic speech.
Simply, the Hijazies moved by their strong admiration to language and poetry, were the ones who have developed and perfected the Arabic language in two respects; – first as regards the richness of its vocabulary; and the second as regards the fullness of its literature.. They were also influenced by the Aramaic, Persian and other anguages of their neighboring peoples. ……Hence, the‘Old North Arabic’ dominated the‘Old South Arabic’ and become the predecessor of Classical Arabic. The Classical Arabic was derived from the language of the Quran, which was spoken by the people of Hijaz, which is basically an advanced form of the ‘Old North Arabic’, the most prestigious form being the Qurraysh dialect which has prevailed over all other forms of Arabic speech.. Unlike what most people think, that the classical Arabic used to be spoken by all the people who inhabited Arabia. Multiple dialects exited, the only one which survived and was wide-spread out of Arabia was the classical Arabic due to its connection to the Quran and the Islamic teachings.
Whereas, the ‘old south Arabic’ including dialects spoken by the south such as Himyarite, Minaean, Sabaean and Minyartic has disappeared. Himyaritic if still spoken, is to be found only among the people of Mahrah, between Hadramaut and Uman.
Clearly since Moh’d belongs to the Quraysh tribe, he was also highly influenced by the importance of the Arabic language and poetry since early age. In fact since the Quran was spoken and written in the language of his people (Quraysh), they have rejected his teachings fiercely during the early stages of Islam; since to them his words weren’t any more distinguished than the other poets of Quraysh. However, Moh’d has been far more successful among those who spoke other Arabic dialects which were average or less-fluent than Quraysh’s dialect . Those people were not influenced by the content of the Quran, they were simply moved by the poetic nature of the Quran, and the rhythm & music within its sentences which they described as being a linguistic miracle !
The teachings of Islam was influenced by the mentality and lifestyle of both the Sedentary Arabs and the Bedouin Arabs, it’s quite evident when you compare the old poems with the Quran, its written in a way that matches their lifestyle and culture back then simply to appeal to those people. The Quran was nothing but a well-written literary work, simply a collection of random teachings, where he jumps from one topic to another in an absurd chaotic way simply to preserve its extremely poetic nature for an obvious purpose. To arabs back then, two qualities resembles a noble man: one physical and one artistic, being their courage in battles, and their poetic fluency, they used to compete to the point that they used to have constant poetry competitions to see who’s the most fluent in poetry.
Mohammed knew his people’s mentality and what they appreciated, so to get their support he made sure that those teaching would preserve their culture and appeal to their admiration for poetry. During that time Moh’d convinced his people that his book was the words of god by using one simple argument, which is that Quran is a miricale, no one can write anything similar to it, not even one verse. One of the famous people who challenged the quran was AL-Mutanabi (known as the Arabian Shakespeare), his name means the wanna-be-prophet, this guy is hilarious, he was extremely proud of his poetic abilities, he thought its soo good that he should be recognized as a prophet too. This shows that even people back then knew what made islam popular was nothing but its poetic writings not the content of the book that hasn’t delivered anything new or advanced to those people.
Moreover, another fact that shows how Moh’d tried to make his teachings more appealing to the Hijazies in particular being the most powerful in the region, is how he haven’t attempted to ease the tensions between the two blood-related groups being the Bedouin Arabs & the sedentary Arabs, in fact he made it worst by ignoring the racial bonds between the two. A clear distinction was made between the sedentary Arabs who became identified as (عرب), and the Bedouins identified as (أعرابي), this latter word even carried a negative connotation because of its negative use in the Qur’an and Moh’d hadiths .
Mohammed was nothing but a nomad impressed by the influence and teachings of the Persian philosopher Zoroaster, who used to question the meaning and purpose of life, spending months alone mediating and observing life around him. He was the first to preach a monotheistic religion, rejecting the idea of multiple moody gods and pagans. His principles later on developed into a religion known as ‘Zoroastrianism’ in Persia. He was the first to come up with idea that there is only one wise all-knowing god, and heaven/hell, angels/demons, judgment day/after life, even the 5 daily prayers.
Moh’d basically took the life-story of Zoroaster and applied it on himself and then took the credit for those teachings, simply a copy-cat, who wanted people to idolize him, similar to those who came up with Judaism & Christianity, he came up with another Abrahamic religion. All those 3 religions are Zoroastrian-based religions (otherwise known as Abrahamic). He knew preaching a newreligion wont be popular among the people of other monotheistic faiths, that’s why he mentioned Judaism & Christianity, however at that time he wasn’t aware of the existence and influence of other religions in the far east such as Hinduism and Buddhism. In fact Buddhism is also influenced by Zoroastrianism due to the immigration of Zoroastrian Persians to India running away from the Muslim conquerors to preserve their faith.
The culture of the Arabs whom Moh’d was born among back then, had its pros and cons like any other old culture that has once existed and then disappeared, simply because it was “allowed” to be replaced with another that is far more modernized, updated and advanced. However, the only difference here that prevented any kind of progress among the arab population is that this very culture was never ‘allowed’ to be updated due to its ties with religion, being the very same culture and lifestyle promoted and encouraged by the Islamic teaching. Back then it indeed suited the environment and lifestyle of those people, however centuries has passed making it nothing but a backward historic culture.
Many Muslims today admit that the Quran has indeed what they call “outdated teachings” and they do promote “modernization & moderation in religion”, which clearly shows they do know that applying those teachings fully will only act as a barrier and will hold them back from any kind of progress. Yet, in a completely hypocritical manner they continue to believe that the Quran was written by some wise figure who knows it all, couldn’t he know that his own teaching will only bring endless destruction and backwardness to those who will continue to follow it? … I just love the hypocrisy of those so-called modernized-Muslims, who gives them the right to pick and choose which teaching to follow and consider it valid, while dropping the rest and labelling it as outdated?? According to Islam, a true muslim should be a submissive blind follower, who applies all the Quran’s teachings word by word without questioning anything at all. This means that they do question the wisdom and authority of their own book? Hmm so why don’t they just drop the whole thing?- oh wait, its much harder to change the way they evaluate their religion, since it touches their own pride, due to its ties with their history, and most importantly it happens to be the same culture they’re continuing to live now, they cant be bothered with all those changes that are desperately needed, and that would certainly face enormous criticism, so denial &/or the hypocritical concept of ‘moderation/modernization in religion’ sounds like a much more easier approach to fight the Islamic disease.