Understanding the linguistic bond between the ‘Original Arabs’ verses the ‘Arabized Arabs’ and the role of Religion –Part (2):

How Islam managed to survive and its direct relationship to the Arabic language?

The Arabian Desert

Unlike Mohd’s claim that he came to civilize the uncivilized barbarian pagan-worshipers of the Arabian peninsula, there are numerous irrefutable evidence that proves there were a civilization for ages before he existed, both in Hejaz and Yemen, such as their cities, and trade relations with great nations at that time and finally the perfected Arabic language. Culture, cities, markets, trade and language are all features of a civilisation. It is said that the people of Arabia descend from two ancestors, Qahtan and Adnan.  The Qahtani Arabs inhabited southern Arabia mostly Yemen. They spoke languages that are collectively known now as ‘Old South Arabic’. While the Adnani Arabs inhabited the rest of the northern part of Arabia. They spoke languages that are collectively known now as ‘Old North Arabic’.

According to Islamic-Quranic legends, the Qahtani Arabs are the pure original Arabs, while the Adnani Arabs especially the tribes of Hejaz were Arabized, it is said that they originate from Ishmael, the son of the biblical Abraham. Later on due to trade relations and due to the immigration of the pure arabs they adopted the Arabic language and hence became arabized.

However, there is no enough historical evidence that proves this story which remains a legend or rather more accurately an ‘Islamic tradition’ and even genetic studies proves it is invalid. The genetic studies of the Qahtanies and the Adnanies prove that they do share a common historical root, originating from the same ancestors, contradicting the claim that they came from two different lines of ancestors. Moreover, there is no strong genetic proof that links the Adnanies to the northern Semitic people whom it’s claimed that Abraham came from. There are indeed a small percentage of similarities between hejaz and the arabized levants due to the immigration of some tribes up north, who mixed with the local people, however, that was not enough to change their gene pool. In fact the hejazies living in west of Arabia have far more similarities between Bedouins roaming in the mid and east of Arabia and also the people of Yemen (specifically ‘northern’ Yemenites) than any other people. The Yemenies can be ethnically divided into two groups being the Sabaean or Himyarite, and Ethiopic (or Geer) . Since the Southern group were mixed often with African tribes. The immigration of African tribes from Ethiopia is regarded as the first historical African-Asian mix.

Anyways, its clear that the people of the Arabian Peninsuala who share a racial bond has indeed branched into two sections, one group settled in north and the other in the south, this is evident in the differences between the two regions, namely their culture, lifestyle, the civilizations that came and died and most importantly the independent development of the Arabic language in each of those two regions.

a) Southern Arabs (Islamicaly known as the Qahtani Arabs):The Southern Arabs  were far more fortunate with the richness of their land, water resources, climate and environmental conditions than the northern who occupied a mostly deserted land. This acted as a catalyst for the civilisation process. Industry and urban development began centuries earlier in the south than the north. Yemen’s prosperous towns, flourishing markets, far-reaching commerce and advanced agriculture and irrigation systems made it a popular trade point in that region. The Romans called Yemen Arabia Felix = “happy Arabia” because of its prosperity at that time.

b) Northern Arabs (Islamicaly known as the Adnani Arabs)

Due to the huge gap difference in the timing of urbanization process between the north and south of Arabia, it is said that at the beginning all people living in the northern Arabia were living a tribal Bedouin lifestyle and  spoke Arabic at its earliest stages known as ‘Old North Arabic’ . Due to the harsh desert conditions, those people had to fight over resources for survival, this lead to a lot of bold rivalries and constant raids on each other. However, later on motivated by the success of the south, a group of those became urbanized and settled down near water resources building the Hejaz region along the western coast.  While the others chose to preserve their lifestyle, with time those two groups grew culturally apart. So after the first division between the south and north, the northern were divided again, the settled Arabs were called the hathar, while those who roamed were called the bedo (bedouins).

The sedentary Arabs considered themselves to be superior compared to the Bedouin arabs not only because they were far more powerful and advanced, but because it is believed that the Quraysh tribe of Mecca (a city located in the Hejaz region) had taken over from all other dialects what was best in them, hence it was known that the language of the Hijaz, was far more prestigious and superior to all other varieties. All these  caused a lot of tensions between those two groups (hathar & bedo).

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It was known that Qurrasih tribe out of all tribes were proud to be the most perfected Arabs, meaning those who speak the best form of Arabic with the most coherent grammar and speech, they also had a far more larger word bank than the Bedouin tribes, many poets rose in the Hijaz, who showed off and bragged about their fluency. However the Bedouin Arabs continued to preserve the original ‘Old North Arabic’ speech as it is. The members of those two groups were solely distinguished by the level of their Arabic speech.

Simply, the Hijazies moved by their strong admiration to language and poetry, were the ones who have developed and perfected the Arabic language in two respects; – first as regards the richness of its vocabulary; and the second as regards the fullness of its literature.. They were also influenced by the Aramaic, Persian and other anguages of their neighboring peoples. ……Hence, the‘Old North Arabic’ dominated the‘Old South Arabic’ and become the predecessor of Classical Arabic. The Classical Arabic was derived from the language of the Quran, which was spoken by the people of Hijaz, which is basically an advanced form of the ‘Old North Arabic’, the most prestigious form being the Qurraysh dialect which has prevailed over all other forms of Arabic  speech.. Unlike what most people think, that the classical Arabic used to be spoken by all the people who inhabited Arabia. Multiple dialects exited, the only one which survived and was wide-spread out of Arabia was the classical Arabic due to its connection to the Quran and the Islamic teachings.

Whereas, the ‘old south Arabic’ including dialects spoken by the south such as Himyarite, Minaean, Sabaean and Minyartic has disappeared. Himyaritic if still spoken, is to be found only among the people of Mahrah, between Hadramaut and Uman.

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Clearly since Moh’d belongs to the Quraysh tribe, he was also highly influenced by the importance of the Arabic language and poetry since early age. In fact since the Quran was spoken and written in the language of his people (Quraysh), they have rejected his teachings fiercely during the early stages of Islam; since to them his words weren’t any more distinguished than the other poets of Quraysh. However, Moh’d has been far more successful among those who spoke other Arabic dialects which were average or less-fluent than Quraysh’s dialect . Those people were not influenced by the content of the Quran, they were simply moved by the poetic nature of the Quran, and the rhythm & music within its sentences which they described as being a linguistic miracle !

The teachings of Islam was influenced by the mentality and lifestyle of both the Sedentary Arabs and the Bedouin Arabs, it’s quite evident when you compare the old poems with the Quran, its written in a way that matches their lifestyle and culture back then simply to appeal to those people. The Quran was nothing but a well-written literary work, simply a collection of random teachings, where he jumps from one topic to another in an absurd chaotic way simply to preserve its extremely poetic nature for an obvious purpose. To arabs back then, two qualities resembles a noble man: one physical and one artistic, being their courage in battles, and their poetic fluency, they used to compete to the point that they used to have constant poetry competitions to see who’s the most fluent in poetry.

Mohammed knew his people’s mentality and what they appreciated, so to get their support he made sure that those teaching would preserve their culture and appeal to their admiration for poetry. During that time Moh’d convinced his people that his book was the words of god by using one simple argument, which is that Quran is a miricale, no one can write anything similar to it, not even one verse. One of the famous people who challenged the quran was AL-Mutanabi (known as the Arabian Shakespeare), his name means the wanna-be-prophet, this guy is hilarious, he was extremely proud of his poetic abilities, he thought its soo good that he should be recognized as a prophet too. This shows that even people back then knew what made islam popular was nothing but its poetic writings not the content of the book that hasn’t delivered anything new or advanced to those people.

Moreover, another fact that shows how Moh’d tried to make his teachings more appealing to the Hijazies in particular being the most powerful in the region, is how he haven’t attempted to ease the tensions between the two blood-related groups being the Bedouin Arabs & the sedentary Arabs, in fact he made it worst by ignoring the racial bonds between the two. A clear distinction was made between the sedentary Arabs who became identified as (عرب), and the Bedouins identified as (أعرابي), this latter word even carried a negative connotation because of its negative use in the Qur’an and Moh’d hadiths .

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Mohammed was nothing but a nomad impressed by the influence and teachings of the Persian philosopher Zoroaster, who used to question the meaning and purpose of life, spending months alone mediating and observing life around him. He was the first to preach a monotheistic religion, rejecting the idea of multiple moody gods and pagans. His principles later on developed into a religion known as ‘Zoroastrianism’ in Persia. He was the first to come up with idea that there is only one wise all-knowing god, and heaven/hell, angels/demons, judgment day/after life, even the 5 daily prayers.

'Zoroaster'

Moh’d basically took the life-story of Zoroaster and applied it on himself and then took the credit for those teachings, simply a copy-cat, who wanted people to idolize him, similar to those who came up with Judaism & Christianity, he came up with another Abrahamic religion. All those 3 religions are Zoroastrian-based religions (otherwise known as Abrahamic). He knew preaching a newreligion wont be popular among the people of other monotheistic faiths, that’s why he  mentioned Judaism & Christianity, however at that time he wasn’t aware of the existence and influence of other religions in the far east such as Hinduism and Buddhism. In fact Buddhism is also influenced by Zoroastrianism due to the immigration of Zoroastrian Persians to India running away from the Muslim conquerors to preserve their faith.

The culture of the Arabs whom Moh’d was born among back then, had its pros and cons like any other old culture that has once existed and then disappeared, simply because it was “allowed” to be replaced with another that is far more modernized, updated and advanced. However, the only difference here that prevented any kind of progress among the arab population is that this very culture was never ‘allowed’ to be updated due to its ties with religion, being the very same culture and lifestyle promoted and encouraged by the Islamic teaching. Back then it indeed suited the environment and lifestyle of those people, however centuries has passed making it nothing but a backward historic culture.

Many Muslims today admit that the Quran has indeed what they call “outdated teachings” and they do promote “modernization & moderation in religion”, which clearly shows they do know that applying those teachings fully will only act as a barrier and will hold them back from any kind of progress. Yet, in a completely hypocritical manner they continue to believe that the Quran was written by some wise figure who knows it all, couldn’t he know that his own teaching will only bring endless destruction and backwardness to those who will continue to follow it? … I just love the hypocrisy of those so-called modernized-Muslims, who gives them the right to pick and choose which teaching to follow and consider it valid, while dropping the rest and labelling it as outdated?? According to Islam, a true muslim should be a submissive blind follower, who applies all the Quran’s teachings word by word without questioning anything at all. This means that they do question the wisdom and authority of their own book? Hmm so why don’t they just drop the whole thing?-  oh wait, its much harder to change the way they evaluate their religion, since it touches their own pride, due to its ties with their history, and most importantly it happens to be the same culture they’re continuing to live now, they cant be bothered with all those changes that are desperately needed, and that would certainly face enormous criticism, so denial &/or the hypocritical concept of  ‘moderation/modernization in religion’ sounds like a much more easier approach to fight the Islamic disease.

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About maria911

-A Humanist -A Truth Seeker -An Engineering Student
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2 Responses to Understanding the linguistic bond between the ‘Original Arabs’ verses the ‘Arabized Arabs’ and the role of Religion –Part (2):

  1. Ehsan says:

    “According to Islamic-Quranic legends, the Qahtani Arabs are the pure original Arabs, while the Adnani Arabs especially the tribes of Hejaz were Arabized, it is said that they originate from Ishmael, the son of the biblical Abraham.”
    Would you pl. quote any text portion of Qur’an in support?

    • maria911 says:

      Okay, sorry for any confusion caused by linking Islamic and Quranic into one word. I summed it up briefly, because the connection between Mohammad and Ishmael is a known tradition acknowledged by all Muslims. If you check any Islamic website it will tell you the same exact legend.

      While the story of Qahttan and Adnan is pre-islamic, Qahattan was a term used to describe the Southern Arabi, while Adnan is used to describe the northern Arabi. When Islam came they referred to Qahttanies as the original arabs while the Adnani as the Arabized arabs.

      Here are the extra details for you 🙂
      ——————————————————————–

      (a) Quranic verse: Kaaba built by Abraham and Ishmael.

      “Remember, We made the House (of Ka’bah) a place of congregation and safe retreat, and said: “Make the spot where Abraham stood the place of worship;” and enjoined upon Abraham and Ishmael to keep Our House immaculate for those who shall walk around it and stay in it for contemplation and prayer, and for bowing in adoration… 127: And when Abraham was raising the plinth of the House with Ishmael, (he prayed): ‘Accept this from us O lord, for you know and hear everything;”(2:125-127)

      (b) Islamic tradition:

      Islamic traditions or Islamic-historic narrative written by scholars (after the death of Mohammad) came to support and to back up the stories in the Quran and hadiths in an attempt to prove its validity.

      Therefore, Islamic narratives are regarded as an important Islamic source after the Quran and hadiths, its sole purpose is to provide reasonable explanations on the teachings of the Quran.

      ——————————————-
      Muslims consider Abraham to be the father of the Hebrews through his son Isaac, and he is regarded as the prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael…..Ishmael is considered the father of “some” of the Arabs specifically Father of the Arabised Arabs (Adanani Arabs)—peoples who became Arab through the adoption of the Arabic language.

      Some even try to link Moh’d down to Adam – The Linage as provided by Islamic website-:

      Prophet Muhammad- Abdullah- Abd Al Muttalib- Hashim- Abd Manaf- Qusaiy- Kilab (Ancestor of the Holy Prophet’s mother)- Murrah- Ka’b. Lu’ayy- Ghalib- Fihr- Malik- Al Nadr- Kinanah- Khuzaiymah- Mudrikah- Ilyas- Mudar- Nizar- Madd- `Adnan- Adad- Zayd- Yaqdud- Al Muqawwam- Al Yasa’- Nabt- Qaidar (Kedar)- Prophet Ismail (Alaihi Salaam)- Prophet Ibrahim (Alaihi Salaam)- Tarih- Nahur (Nahor)- Sharukh- Ar’u- Farigh- `Abir- Shalikh- Arfikhishd- Sam (Shem)- Prophet Nuh (Noah) (Alaihi Salaam)- Lamak- Mutawshilkh- Khanukh- Burrah- Mihlayil- Kaynun- Anuus- Shees (Seth) (Alaihi Salaam)- Prophet Adam (Alaihi Salaam)

      Two of the most famous muslim Scholars:

      1) Ibn Saʿd (died 844/845)- His book (Kitāb al-ṭabaqāt al-kabīr of) is one of the most important Islamic sources on the life of Muhammad, his companions, and later figures in Islamic history.

      2)Ismail ibn Kathir (Arabic: ابن كثير‎) (1301–1373) was an Islamic scholar and renowned commentator on the Qur’an. Achievements: Ibn Kathir wrote a famous commentary on the Qur’an named Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Adhim which linked certain Hadith, or sayings of Muhammad, and sayings of the sahaba to verses of the Qur’an, in explanation. Tafsir Ibn Kathir is famous all over the Muslim world and among Muslims in the Western world, is one of the most widely used explanations of the Qu’ran today.

      Extract from the Statements of Ibn Kathir:

      “There is no question of ‘Adnan being of the line of Ishmael, son of Abraham, upon both of whom be peace. What dispute there is relates to the number of forebears there were from ‘Adnan to Ishmael according to the various sources.
      At one end of the spectrum, there is the extreme view that considers there to have been FORTY; this is the view of Christians and Jews who adopted it from the writings of Rakhiya, the clerk of Armiya (Jeremy) b. Halqiya, as we will relate.

      Some authorities maintain there THIRTY, others TWENTY, yet more FIFTEEN, TEN, NINE, or SEVEN.

      It has been said that the lowest estimate given is for FOUR, according to the account given by Musa b. Ya‘qub, on the authority of ‘Abd Allah b. Wahb b. Zum’a al-Zuma‘i from his aunt, and then from Umm Salama who stated that the Prophet (SAAS) said that the line was: “Ma‘ad b. ‘Adnan b. Adab b. Zand b. al-Tara b. A‘raq al-Thara”.

      According to Umm Salam this Zanad was al-Hamaysa‘, al-Yara was Nabit, while A‘raq al-Thara was Ishmael. This was implied because he was Abraham’s son; for Abraham was not consumed by hell-fire, since fire does not consume moist earth, the meaning of al-thara.

      Al-Daraqatni stated that he knew of no “Zand” except the one in this tradition, and Zand b. al-Jawn, who was Abu Dalama the poet. Abu al-Qasim al-Suhayli and other Imams stated that the time lapse between ‘Adnan and Ishmael was too great for there to have been only FOUR, TEN, or even TWENTY generations between them. That, they said, was because the age of Ma‘ad son of ‘Adnan was twelve at the time of Bukhtunassar (Nebuchadnezzar).”-Google the rest of Ibn kathir writings on this topic.

      Conclusion:

      No doubt there are disputes on how many generations separates Mohamed from Ishmael and few of the previous scholars even refused to go back beyond ma’ad or Adnan. However, this story remains part of the Islamic narrative accepted and preached by Muslim Scholars, all scholars who came afterwards have backed up the work of famous Muslim scholars such as Ibn Kathir and Ibn Sa’d which states that Moh’d is the descendent of Ishmael. Why? Simply to make sense out of the Quran.

      It is claimed that Adanan is descendent of Ishmael, and the ancestor of the Adanani Arabs whom are named after him. They claim that those people became ‘arabized’ and weren’t part the original Arabs to explain how the descendants of Ishmael spoke Arabic instead of preserving the original language of their father Abraham. In this way they have maintained the legend than Ishmael has moved from the Levant region and settled down in Hejaz building the Kaba in the great city of Mecca, there he created a new linage of people, from among them the final prophet rose (Moh’d).
      ————————————————–

      Muslim traditions claims that that after settling in Mecca Ishmael married twice, and both of his wives were of Arab descent who taught him Arabic.

      Narrated by Ibn Abbas:

      The first lady to use a girdle was the mother of Ishmael. She used a girdle so that she might hide her tracks from Sarah. Abraham brought her and her son Ishmael while she was suckling him, to a place near the Ka’ba under a tree on the spot of Zam-zam, at the highest place in the mosque. During those days there was nobody in Mecca, nor was there any water. So he made them sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates, and a small water-skin containing some water, and set out homeward. Ishmael’s mother followed him saying, “O Abraham! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything (to enjoy)?” She repeated that to him many times, but he did not look back at her. Then she asked him, “Has Allah ordered you to do so?” He said, “Yes.” She said, “Then He will not neglect us,” and returned while Abraham proceeded onwards, and on reaching the Thaniya where they could not see him, he faced the Ka’ba, and raising both hands, invoked Allah saying the following prayers:

      “O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Your Sacred House (Kaba at Mecca) in order, O our Lord, that they may offer prayer perfectly. So fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits, so that they may give thanks.’ (14.37) Ishmael’s mother went on suckling Ishmael and drinking from the water (she had).

      When the water in the water-skin had all been used up, she became thirsty and her child also became thirsty. She started looking at him (i.e. Ishmael) tossing in agony; She left him, for she could not endure looking at him, and found that the mountain of Safa was the nearest mountain to her on that land. She stood on it and started looking at the valley keenly so that she might see somebody, but she could not see anybody. Then she descended from Safa and when she reached the valley, she tucked up her robe and ran in the valley like a person in distress and trouble, till she crossed the valley and reached the Marwa mountain where she stood and started looking, expecting to see somebody, but she could not see anybody. She repeated that (running between Safa and Marwa) seven times.”

      The Prophet said, “This is the source of the tradition of the walking of people between them (i.e. Safa and Marwa). When she reached the Marwa (for the last time) she heard a voice and she asked herself to be quiet and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said, “O, (whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice; have you got something to help me?” And behold! She saw an angel at the place of Zam-zam, digging the earth with his heel (or his wing), till water flowed from that place. She started to make something like a basin around it, using her hand in this way, and started filling her water-skin with water with her hands, and the water was flowing out after she had scooped some of it.”

      The Prophet added, “May Allah bestow Mercy on Ishmael’s mother! Had she let the Zam-zam (flow without trying to control it) (or had she not scooped from that water) (to fill her water-skin), Zam-zam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth.” The Prophet further added, “Then she drank (water) and suckled her child. The angel said to her, “Don’t be afraid of being neglected, for this is the House of Allah which will be built by this boy and his father, and Allah never neglects His people.’ The House (i.e. Kaba) at that time was on a high place resembling a hillock, and when torrents came, they flowed to its right and left. She lived in that way till some people from the tribe of Jurhum or a family from Jurhum passed by her and her child, as they (i.e. the Jurhum people) were coming through the way of Kada’. They landed in the lower part of Mecca where they saw a bird that had the habit of flying around water and not leaving it. They said, “This bird must be flying around water, though we know that there is no water in this valley.’ They sent one or two messengers who discovered the source of water, and returned to inform them of the water. So, they all came (towards the water).” The Prophet added, “Ishmael’s mother was sitting near the water. They asked her, “Do you allow us to stay with you?’ She replied, “Yes, but you will have no right to possess the water.’ They agreed to that.” The Prophet further said, “Ishmael’s mother was pleased with the whole situation as she used to love to enjoy the company of the people. So, they settled there, and later on they sent for their families who came and settled with them so that some families became permanent residents there. The child (i.e. Ishmael) grew up and learnt Arabic from them and (his virtues) caused them to love and admire him as he grew up, and when he reached the age of puberty they made him marry a woman from amongst them.

      After Ishmael’s mother had died, Abraham came after Ishmael’s marriage in order to see his family that he had left before, but he did not find Ishmael there. When he asked Ishmael’s wife about him, she replied, “He has gone in search of our livelihood.’ Then he asked her about their way of living and their condition, and she replied, “We are living in misery; we are living in hardship and destitution,’ complaining to him. He said, “When your husband returns, convey my salutation to him and tell him to change the threshold of the gate (of his house).’ When Ishmael came, he seemed to have felt something unusual, so he asked his wife, “Has anyone visited you?’ She replied, “Yes, an old man of so-and-so description came and asked me about you and I informed him, and he asked about our state of living, and I told him that we were living in a hardship and poverty.’ On that Ishmael said, “Did he advise you anything?’ She replied, “Yes, he told me to convey his salutation to you and to tell you to change the threshold of your gate.’ Ishmael said, “It was my father, and he has ordered me to divorce you. Go back to your family.’ So, Ishmael divorced her and married another woman from amongst them (i.e. Jurhum).

      Then Abraham stayed away from them for a period as long as Allah wished and called on them again but did not find Ishmael. So he came to Ishmael’s wife and asked her about Ishmael. She said, “He has gone in search of our livelihood.’ Abraham asked her, “How are you getting on?’ asking her about their sustenance and living. She replied, “We are prosperous and well-off (i.e. we have everything in abundance).’ Then she thanked Allah’ Abraham said, “What kind of food do you eat?’ She said. “Meat.’ He said, “What do you drink?’ She said, “Water.’ He said, “O Allah! Bless their meat and water.” The Prophet added, “At that time they did not have grain, and if they had grain, he would have also invoked Allah to bless it.” The Prophet added, “If somebody has only these two things as his sustenance, his health and disposition will be badly affected, unless he lives in Mecca.” The Prophet added,” Then Abraham said Ishmael’s wife, “When your husband comes, give my regards to him and tell him that he should keep firm the threshold of his gate.’ When Ishmael came back, he asked his wife, “Did anyone call on you?’ She replied, “Yes, a good-looking old man came to me,’ so she praised him and added. “He asked about you, and I informed him, and he asked about our livelihood and I told him that we were in a good condition.’ Ishmael asked her, “Did he give you any piece of advice?’ She said, “Yes, he told me to give his regards to you and ordered that you should keep firm the threshold of your gate.’ On that Ishmael said, “It was my father, and you are the threshold (of the gate). He has ordered me to keep you with me.’

      Then Abraham stayed away from them for a period as long as Allah wished, and called on them afterwards. He saw Ishmael under a tree near Zamzam, sharpening his arrows. When he saw Abraham, he rose up to welcome him (and they greeted each other as a father does with his son or a son does with his father). Abraham said, “O Ishmael! Allah has given me an order.’ Ishmael said, “Do what your Lord has ordered you to do.’ Abraham asked, “Will you help me?’ Ishmael said, “I will help you.’ Abraham said, Allah has ordered me to build a house here,’ pointing to a hillock higher than the land surrounding it.” The Prophet added, “Then they raised the foundations of the House (i.e. the Ka’ba). Ishmael brought the stones and Abraham was building, and when the walls became high, Ishmael brought this stone and put it for Abraham who stood over it and carried on building, while Ishmael was handing him the stones, and both of them were saying, “O our Lord! Accept (this service) from us, Verily, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.’ The Prophet added, “Then both of them went on building and going round the Ka’ba saying: O our Lord! Accept (this service) from us, Verily, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” (2.127) (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 583)
      ———————————-

      In short- it’s claimed that Ishmael married one of the orginal arabs, and then became arabized by learning and adopting the Arabic language and hence his descendants -the Adanani Arabs- are not part the original Arabs but they’re Arabized Arabs. According to the Islamic narrative, they were the ones who built the city of Mecca, as Mecca was not populated when Ishmael arrived.

      However, the Hejaz region and Mecca was already populated even before Abraham or Ishmael were born. Their cities and temples have been well documented by archaeologists. If all the Adanani Arab people descended from Ishmael , who are those people who exited there before Abraham –where did all they all go? What happened to them? Who built Mecca? … There is no evidence that Ishmael went to Mecca, in fact there is no historical or archaeological evidence that Abraham has existed in the first place.

      Isn’t it ironic how there is plentiful historic documents and evidence that proves the existence of great “non-religious” leaders in the fertile crescent region from the times of pharaohs and the babolyions, yet there is no any sort of evidence on the “religious” figures??? — soo all those legends passed on and copied by all the Abrahamic religions remain nothing but a myth.

      I am aware of the sisnsitivity of this topic, many muslims would be offended by the history of the founder of Islam, I apologize if anyone finds my writings to be offending, im simply stating facts.

      Anyways the purpose of this post is to link the Arabic language of the Quran to its speakers whether original or arabized arabs, and how the unity of language helped Islam to spread into the regions which are today part of the Arab world.

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